Paint 101: WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PAINTS USED IN A HOUSE? A complete guide by Painters in Austin

Paint 101: WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PAINTS USED IN A HOUSE? A complete guide by Painters in Austin

Painting your house can seem like a daunting task, but its quite literally a breeze if you have got the basics covered. Its important to know the types of paint available on the market, and where you can put them to use. Here’s a comprehensive guide to equip you on that shopping trip- the types of house paint and when you’ll be needing them.

  1. Primer
  • Primer is what you apply before anything else. It helps paint adhere to the surface, and ensures your color comes out true. Primer comes as water-based or oil-based – use the same base for the primer as your chosen paint.
  1. Oil based and water-based paints
  • As the name suggests, oil-based paints are made with oil, and water-based with water. Generally, oil-based paints are more durable, shiny, and take longer to dry, and water-based paints are thinner, matte, and take less time to dry.
  • Also keep in mind that removing oil-based paints requires harsh chemicals, whereas removing water-based paints does not.
  1. Acrylic paints for interiors and ceilings
  • Acrylic paints are preferred for homes because of their best properties: They are quick dry, durable, and resistant to peeling, flaking or cracking when subjected to extreme conditions of weather and temperature.
  • While choosing paints look for antimicrobial qualities that protect walls from dark spots created by fungal growth. Make it a point to go for odorless, chemical-free and environment-friendly products with safe levels of VOCs (volatile organic compounds).
  1. Enamel paint
  • Oil-based paints are sometimes given the name ‘enamel’ because of their durability. Enamel paints can be found in a variety of finishes, including gloss and semi-gloss, and are often used on trims around windows and doors. One drawback of enamel paint is that is tends to discolor over time.
  1. Specialty paints
  • Anti-mold or anti-mildew, Fire retardants, Anti-condensation are common additives in paint that you can opt in to.
  1. Sheen and Gloss
  • The glossier the paint, the easier it is to clean up. If you have small children and the room you are painting has high traffic, like in a playroom, or tends to get grease on the wall such as in a kitchen, opt for high gloss sheen as you can easily wipe the wall down with a damp sponge.
  • This will however make blemishes and imperfections in your wall more apparent and in rooms such as living rooms, could give off an unpleasant shine. High gloss is also great for trim and will give the trim a nice finished look, complementing the flatter sheen of your walls.
  • Semi-gloss would also be a good choice for kitchens and baths as well as trim providing you with ease of wash-ability and less shine than the gloss. It is also slightly cheaper than the gloss finish and is a very common alternative.
  • Satin sheens have a satiny smooth finish to them and could also be used in kitchens, baths and hallways. This may be a good choice if you really want some gloss and paint that can clean easily without the shine of a gloss.
  • If you have walls with lots of imperfections, select a flat or matte paint. You can usually get away with one coat of paint with a flat. The downside to this paint is that it does not stand up well to a good cleaning and does tend to show dirt more so choose this for rooms that will not get lots of fingerprints and dirt on them.
  1. Weather resistant
  • The introduction of nano materials as an ingredient in conventional paints. Each coat of paint is composed of densely packed molecules, among which are added nanoparticles of materials that resist the ravages of many aspects of external weather conditions. Nanotechnology is also used to create thermal insulating paints which reduce the amount of external heat penetrating into the building.